Difference Between Gross Profit And Net Profit (With Table)

Gross profit is the difference between all of the costs to produce an item and what it sells for. Net profit, on the other hand, is what’s left after those costs are subtracted from gross profit, and then after any additional expenses are deducted. While both numbers can be used to judge a company’s profitability, you need to be aware that there are some key differences between them. In this article, we will have a look at the complete difference between these terms with the help of the following content. 

Gross Profit Vs Net Profit (Comparison Chart)

Gross ProfitNet Profit
Gross profit refers to the money a company makes after deducting its expenses for manufacturing, distributing, and offering its product or services to customers.The outcome after deducting all costs from revenue is known as net profit. The total outcome of an organization’s financial and running activities is represented by this number(net profit).
According to the Income Tax Act of 1961, salaried people now pay income tax on their gross income.According to the 1961 Income Tax Act, businesses and self-employed people must pay tax on their net income.
The main objective of gross profit is to minimize costs.The main objective of net profit is to determine performance.
It represents the credit balance of a business or trading account.It represents the credit balance of the profit and loss account.
Gross profit can be calculated as:
Gross Profit = Revenue – Cost of Goods Sold(COGS)
Net profit can be calculated as:
Net Profit = Gross Profit – Expenses
Gross profit measures efficiency in producing and selling goods or services.Net profit measures the overall profitability of the company.

What Is Gross Profit?

The profit a business makes after deducting its costs for producing and selling its goods or services is known as gross profit. It is also sometimes known as gross margin. In other words, the ratio of gross profit to revenue is known as the gross profit margin. A higher gross profit margin indicates that a company can make a good profit even after paying for the cost of goods sold. 

Moreover, gross profit is used to calculate other important financial ratios such as the operating profit margin and net profit margin. In general, a company with a higher gross profit margin is more profitable than a company with a lower gross profit margin.

What Is Net Profit?

Net profit is the total profit a company makes after deducting all expenses from revenue. This covers the price of the commodities sold as well as running costs, interest charges, and taxes. The ratio of net profit to revenue is known as the net profit margin. The net profit margin is the ratio of net profit to revenue. 

Net profit is a key metric for assessing a company’s financial health. It provides insights into how efficiently a company generates revenue and manages expenses. A high net profit margin indicates that a company is doing a good job of controlling costs and generating income. A low net profit margin may indicate that a company needs to improve its cost management or pricing strategy.

Gross Profit Vs Net Profit – Main Differences

The main difference between gross and net profit is that gross profit is the profit a company makes after deducting the cost of goods sold (COGS). In contrast, net profit is the profit a company makes after deducting all expenses.

Also, the former only includes COGS, while the latter includes all expenses. This means that net profit is always lower than gross profit.

Gross Profit 

Gross profit includes;

  • Revenue from sales of goods or services
  • Cost of goods sold 
  • Gross Profit

Net Profit

Net profit includes;

  • Revenue from sales of goods or services 
  • Cost of goods sold 
  • Operating expenses 
  • (Interest expense + Taxes) 
  • Net Profit

Key Differences

Gross profit is the direct result of a company’s manufacturing and/or selling activities, while net profit is the final bottom line after all expenses are accounted for. Here are six key ways in which these two types of profit differ:

  • Gross profit excludes indirect costs, while net profit includes all costs.
  • Gross profit is calculated before taxes, while net profit is calculated after taxes.
  • While gross profits reflect only the revenue generated from primary activities, net profits also include secondary sources of income such as interest and investment gains.
  • Also, gross margin is a ratio of gross profit to total revenue, while net margin is a ratio of net profit to total revenue.
  • Gross profits can be reinvested in the business, while net profits are typically paid out to shareholders as dividends.
  • Finally, gross profits are more volatile than net profits since they are more directly impacted by changes in sales volume and product mix.
comparison table for difference between gross profit and net pofit


In conclusion, the main distinction between gross profit and net profit is that the former includes only the revenue from the sale of goods or services, while the latter also includes other income and expenses. Net profit is therefore a more accurate measure of a company’s profitability. However, gross profit is still an important metric, as it provides insight into a company’s efficiency in generating revenue from its core operations. Finally,  it is worth noting that, both are important measures of profitability, but they are not the only ones. Other important metrics include operating profit, net income, and cash flow.

Basir Saboor

Basir Saboor is a dedicated writer with over 7 years of expertise in researching and disseminating information on technology, business, law, and politics. His passion lies in exploring the dynamic landscape of technology, tracking the latest trends, and delving into the intricacies of the ever-evolving business world. As a firm believer in the influential power of words, he crafts content that aims to inspire, inform, and influence.

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