Recruitment and selection are very important hiring activities for staffing in an organization. Both of these methods/processes assist a business to obtain applicants and employees. Many people use these terminologies interchangeably. However, there is an obvious difference between them. Everyone may encounter recruitment, but not all candidates acquire the opportunity to reach the selection. In this article, we will understand the complete difference between recruitment and selection. The content of the blog is as follows.
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Definition Of Recruitment
Recruitment refers to the process of keenly searching out prospective candidates and encouraging/stimulating them to apply for a vacant job position. In this process, the organizations searching for employees advertise their vacancies to accept applications from the candidates. Also, this process actually aims to create a pool of competent candidates for the purpose of selection. Recruitment is a long process that involves a series of following sets of activities.
- Considering job requirement
- Advertising the vacant job position
- Attracting candidates to apply for the vacancy
- Managing feedback/response
- Inspecting all the applications carefully, and
- Finally shortlisting eligible candidates
Remember that recruitment is the initial process that takes place before the process of selection. The recruitment process is performed by HR(Human Resource) managers either internally or externally. Internal recruitment sources are transfers, contact or references, ex-employees, retired employees, retrenched employees, and so forth. On the other hand, recruitment through advertisement, campus recruitment, recruitment by third parties (recruitment agencies and others), internet recruiting, recruitment by employment exchanges, unsolicited applicants, etc are the sources of external recruitment.
Definition Of Selection
On the other hand, selection refers to the process/method of shortlisting or selecting the eligible applicant for the job position. In the process of selection, an organization shortlists a fixed number of competent candidates from a large number of applicants. This process involves rejecting unsuitable candidates and appointing suitable applicants for filling up the vacancies in the organization.
In a nutshell, the selection involves the following set of activities.
- Rejecting unsuitable applicants
- Conducting aptitude tests, intelligence tests, performance tests, etc.
- Checking References, and
- Medical Test
Selection is a time-consuming activity. This is because in this process, the Human Resource managers have to look upon some sort of additional factors like eligibility, educational qualification, background, skills, experience, etc.
Difference Between Recruitment And Selection(Table)
|Basis For Differences||Recruitment||Selection|
|Definition||The activity of searching for candidates for a job position and stimulating them to apply for it is called recruitment.||The process of selecting the best candidates for the job position is called selection.|
|Objective||Fetching more and more candidates to apply for the job.||Hiring the most suitable applicant and eliminating the rest.|
|Method||Can be economical.||Can be expensive.|
|Key Factor||Advertising the job||Appointment of the candidate|
Key Differences Between Recruitment And Selection
Some of the key differences between recruitment and selection are as follows.
- Recruitment refers to the process of keenly searching out prospective candidates and encouraging/stimulating them to apply for a vacant job position. On the other hand, selection refers to the process/method of shortlisting or selecting the eligible applicant for the job position.
- Recruitment is a positive activity that attracts and stimulates job seekers to apply for job vacancies. On the other hand, selection is negative activity as it involves the rejection of unfit candidates or applicants.
- The main purpose of recruitment is to invite more and more candidates to apply for a vacant post. On the other hand, the purpose of the selection is to appoint the right applicants for the job position.
- Recruitment is an economic activity while selection is an expensive process.
So, with the above concepts, we can conclude that the success of an organization depends on its employees. Despite the above differences, recruitment and selection somehow share a similarity, and that is they both aim to fetch sufficient employees for the firm. Both of them help a business choose the right candidate for the right job post. Recruitment refers to the process of keenly searching out prospective candidates and encouraging/stimulating them to apply for a vacant job position. On the other hand, selection refers to the process/method of shortlisting or selecting the eligible applicant for the job position.